The spacecraft will be placed in a halo orbit around the Sun-Earth Lagrange Point 1 (L1), which is located about 1.5 million kilometers from Earth.
The mission will carry seven payloads that will be used to study the solar corona, chromosphere, and solar wind. The mission is expected to last for five years.
– Study the solar corona and chromosphere– Understand the dynamics of the solar atmosphere
– Investigate the origin of solar flares and coronal mass ejection– Improve our understanding of the Sun-Earth connection
Launch: The Aditya-L1 mission is scheduled to launch on September 2, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India.
Orbit: This orbit is located about 1.5 million kilometers from Earth and is stable, meaning that the spacecraft will not need to use any fuel to maintain its position.
A solar coronagraph: This instrument will block out the light from the Sun’s disc, allowing us to see the fainter corona.
An extreme ultraviolet imager: This instrument will image the Sun in extreme ultraviolet light, which is emitted by the hot plasma in the corona.
An X-ray spectrometer: This instrument will measure the X-ray emission from the Sun, which is produced by high-energy particles in the solar atmosphere.
A solar wind plasma analyzer: This instrument will measure the composition and properties of the solar wind, which is a stream of charged particles flowing from the Sun.
An in-situ magnetometer: This instrument will measure the magnetic field in the space around the spacecraft, which can be used to study the interaction between the solar wind and Earth’s magnetic field.
The Aditya-L1 mission is a complex and challenging project, but it has the potential to make significant contributions to our understanding of the Sun.